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Mosquitoes exist all over the world, with the exception of Antarctica. More than 3,000 mosquito species have been identified in both the Arctic and subtropics. They are categorized into 39 different genera.
About 174 species can be found in North America and Mexico. Different types of mosquitoes have different feeding and breeding habits. The four most common types of mosquitoes in the United States and Canada are the house mosquito, the southern house mosquito, the Asian tiger mosquito and the yellow fever mosquito.
HOUSE MOSQUITO (CULEX)
Some of the most common types of mosquitoes in Canada are called house mosquitoes. Species of mosquitoes that belong to this group include Culex Pipiens and Culex restuans Theobald.
Cx. Pipiens is most common in the Northern part of the United States and Canada. Pale brown in color with white stripes, it is often found in polluted water that has been left standing. Storm drains, birdbaths, pet dishes, and old tires are popular breeding sites for these types of mosquitoes. The female mosquito of this species can lay anywhere from 50 to 400 eggs at one time. These eggs typically take 10 to 14 days to hatch although they can take longer, depending on the weather. Culex restuans is a very similar species in looks and habits but is more prevalent in the Eastern and Central parts of the US and Canada.
Both of these mosquito types can transmit a variety of different viruses and parasites to humans.